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HTML Introduction:

HTML: HTML stands for Hyper-Text Markup Language. It allows us to create web pages. It does not include any control structure and can produce only static content. A HTML page consists of various tags that make a web page. The features, advantages and disadvantages of HTML page are listed below.

Features of HTML:
§  It is a formatting language for text and images.
§  It allows us to read the content nonlinearly by using hyperlinks to a file.
§  HTML is an application of SGML.
§  HTML uses markup tags to describe web pages
§  It is not case sensitive i.e. code can be written in small case or uppercase letters.
§  All the HTML documents have “.html” or “.htm” extension.
§  HTML documents can be edited using editors such as notepad or front page.

The advantages of HTML:
§  It allows embedding scripts, to generate dynamic content
§  It can incorporate images and sounds with the help of HTML tags.  
§  It facilitates Moving and layered text
§  It allows framed documents
§  It allows absolute positioning of text and image.
§  Spreadsheets, video clips, pdf files can be embedded in HTML documents with the support of third party plug-ins.

The disadvantages of HTML:
§  HTML can produce only static content
§  It does not facilitate headers, footers, footnotes.
§  Mathematical typesetting is difficult
§  Browser Dependent
§  No tabs and other automatic character spacing
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